Show Posts

This section allows you to view all posts made by this member. Note that you can only see posts made in areas you currently have access to.

Messages - plovett

Pages: [1] 2 3 ... 96
To put in a bit of support for Jay's comment (using a degree in Chemistry and a couple of years as a metallurgical process engineer at FoMoCo), melt steel and put it into a mold and the object that comes out of the mold is cast steel. The main difference between iron---an element, and steel---a mixture---is that steel has carbon in it. It also has a bunch of other elements in it, most likely, as well, but the difference between the two is the presence of carbon, and the amount of carbon that's mixed in.


I agree with that.  I think the term steel has commonly been associated with the forging process because steel has commonly been forged. 

If you scramble one egg and boil the other, they are both still eggs.  Lots of different kinds of steel, though.



FE Technical Forum / Re: timing question
« on: November 20, 2020, 06:06:25 PM »
Do you have a way to measure the results?  ET or something else? Butt dyno?

My guess is that your are fine. I would still experiment in small increments, like +/- 2 degrees if you can measure the results in any way at all.  I think most of the time for most situations the optimum total ignition timing is fairly constant for a cylinder head.  Most people will say that for a given cylinder head the total ignition timing will not change much.  I have seen anomalous results, though.  I think low compression and high octane favors more ignition timing.  Since you have 11:1 compression I doubt your optimum timing will be off much from the norm.

For example, I once had a low compression (9.3:1)  FE with Edelbrock heads and race gas (I don't remember the octane) on the dyno.  It liked a lot of total timing.  Usually Edelbrocks like 37-38 degrees.   We went to 41 and even 45 degrees and gained power before I said whoa.   

BBM guys can take over now.


FE Technical Forum / Re: Cammer Fairlane marriage
« on: November 19, 2020, 08:12:41 AM »
That sounds amazing!

I don't know the specifics, but I remember seeing a SOHC '66 or '67 Fairlane on Jay Leno's garage.  Maybe look that one up and see if you can find any info?


FE Technical Forum / Re: 390 with pistons .013 below deck
« on: November 16, 2020, 06:34:24 AM »
Is the motor already assembled?  If not, I would say deck it.  Cometics require a specific deck finish anyway, as I understand it.

What is the compression ratio with the .054" quench distance?


FE Technical Forum / Re: Flow numbers: Cylinder head vs Intake manifold?
« on: November 15, 2020, 11:45:14 PM »
A case of quality being as important as quantity,while quantity is measurable with access to a flow bench quality not so much.

Yes I would agree that the dyno/dragstrip would be the measurement.with regards to the intake port flow vs cylinder head port flow based on pure speculation with no supporting evidence,you would think that an intake port with a flow surplus to that of the head port would tend to have an effect similar to that of an increased volume with the added benefit of increased velocity but like I said that is pure speculation,do you intend to test both intakes?It would be interesting to find out how wrong my thinking is.

Yes, I plan to test both intakes.  I may have to sell one to fund the project, but hopefully not.  I don't even know what my thinking is, but I would love to see the comparison.  I think the engine will be stout enough to make it a good test.  A 400 hp engine wouldn't be a good comparison, nor would a 750 hp engine.  But a 600 hp engine might overlap the ideal ranges of both intakes.

FE Technical Forum / Re: Flow numbers: Cylinder head vs Intake manifold?
« on: November 15, 2020, 07:47:14 PM »

Some good reading

Could take days but lots of good info buried in some other stuff

Thanks Ross! 

I will read it.


FE Technical Forum / Re: Flow numbers: Cylinder head vs Intake manifold?
« on: November 15, 2020, 06:42:54 PM »
Well think about this:

I have two intake manifolds:

#1 has a smaller CSA and a smaller overall volume, yet flows much more.  All of that sounds great.

#2 has a larger CSA and larger overall volume, yet flows much less.   That sounds bad.  But is it? I dunno.

Just based on that #1 would be the easy choice, but of course there is more.  #2 is a dual plane with a split plenum and has much longer runners. 


FE Technical Forum / Re: Flow numbers: Cylinder head vs Intake manifold?
« on: November 15, 2020, 06:30:30 PM »
If I put your 320 cfm head on my flow bench, and flow it at .700" and 28", then bolt a stock RPM to it, depending on which port, the flow may drop to 270 cfm.  Same head, same intake, but #1, #4, #6, or #7, and the flow may be 300 cfm.  Bolt your 401 cfm on it, and it may or may not flow 320 cfm, but it will be close.  Now take that same 320 cfm head and bolt the stock RPM on it, and pull the flow bench up to 34", and check flow, pull it up to 40" and check the flow.  Did it reach 320?  Probably, but just barely.  Now put that 401 cfm intake on the same port, and pull the flow bench up to 34", and it may be flowing 330 cfm through the head.  40", it may be 340 cfm.  The 28" is an industry standard, and it just measures how much something has improved, or is capable of being improved.  Take this example.  I have had some of these FE heads that just will not flow above .650" and goes turbulent.  Put an intake manifold on that head, and it continues to flow to .750"----go figure.  Another example: a head goes turbulent at .500", and I pull the flow bench up to 32", it is still turbulent.  Pull it up to 40", and it does not clean up.  That engine will be a dog.  Another example:  a head goes turbulent at .650", flow drops to 20 cfm at. .700", and drops even more at .750".  The port  had some work done but it was in the wrong place, and you can't fix it.  The best answer for this question, is than on my 2018 EMC engine, the heads flowed 303 cfm upper/290 cfm lower/210 cfm exhaust, and the intake manifold flowed 338 cfm.  Increased the intake manifold flow to 360 cfm, no difference.  375 Y, 561tq/595 hp.  Joe-JDC

Thanks Joe,

Hopefully I will get to test my combo on the dyno with the different intakes.  I am super curious about it and I don't know the right answers.  I probably don't know the right questions.


FE Technical Forum / Re: Flow numbers: Cylinder head vs Intake manifold?
« on: November 15, 2020, 04:24:04 PM »
Fair enough, here is my answer after two very good points you just made

474 cfm automatically being too much?

I do know the answer, but this isn't cut and dry like you want, it's closer to not the right variable being measured

1 - Simple answer... no, 474 isn't automatically too much.   

2 - More complex answer... unanswerable given the information of the simple question and without knowing the goals of the engine

3 - Jaded answer knowing the two intakes and presumed build....I think the TW "could" be overkill and be less efficient in more places than it is efficient.   Note, not BAD, just more inefficiencies than gains.

However, if you are trying to run in a very narrow RPM range and match everything to the peak of that manifold and head, then it could actually work OK at that peak even being too big (but my experience with an untouched TW is that it is real big, never mind one ground on).

So why do I not just answer your specific question?

Because of what I thought you wanted to dig into, in fact it's fascinating stuff, port length tuning, water hammer effect, cross section, plenum volume stuff, overlap and 5th cycle it's all cool stuff.  When I try to help what we call a "drinking duck" (compliment) I send them to info and they eat it like lions.  That's what I was doing and I am not offended

Again though, without looking at the whole manifold, flow alone, with no other variables only has to "be enough"   However, let me tickle it a bit, I'd be looking at primary pipe and cam design to include overlap characteristics  to consider where that engine would start being happy with either intake.

I wasn't looking for a cut and dried answer to all situations, Ross.  You know that.  In fact, I think engines are far too complex for simple questions and answers.  But that is why I start out asking simple questions.  The "drinking duck" analogy is apt and appreciated.  But answering one question directly can lead to a better understanding.   If we first rule out that there is a simple relationship between two numbers, then we can move on.  That is where I am trying to go.   Again, I honestly don't know the answer.  Just asking the question.   Is this a "Kung Fu" episode?  :)


FE Technical Forum / Re: Flow numbers: Cylinder head vs Intake manifold?
« on: November 15, 2020, 04:11:06 PM »
A case of quality being as important as quantity,while quantity is measurable with access to a flow bench quality not so much.

Hmmm.  I'm listening.  I'm not trying to be funny here, but how would one describe this quality?  Highest density of air/fuel in the cylinder at spark, at any given rpm?  I think it would it ultimately be "measured" by the dyno and/or the dragstrip? 

A big plenum short runner intake might affect this quality negatively at low rpm and vice versa with a small plenum long runner intake.  But a flow bench just takes a "snapshot" at 28" and gives you one number.  Engine rpms, loads, throttle positions, etc.  can all vary at that same snapshot of info. 

Like I said,  I am just trying to wrap my mind around the significance of intake manifold flow numbers with respect to cylinder head flow numbers. 


FE Technical Forum / Re: Flow numbers: Cylinder head vs Intake manifold?
« on: November 15, 2020, 03:44:12 PM »
You can say the original question doesn't make sense.  That is an answer and one of the possible outcomes I am looking at.


FE Technical Forum / Re: Flow numbers: Cylinder head vs Intake manifold?
« on: November 15, 2020, 03:37:30 PM »
Not Joe but I would do the latter

An extended, long smaller ID tapered pipe flowing 370 is different than a short larger one, in terms of power production

That’s why so many say don’t live or die by flow numbers. I like Joe’s estimate a lot, but it isn’t meant to determine how and where two different manifold designs behave in power, It’s created to let him know where he needs to be to provide enough to feed the head

However I have also been caught in the Paulie trap that I didn’t answer the question you asked....If I went back to the original question what I would say is first intake must flow more than head, then go dig into the other stuff to make it really do what you want

It's not a trap.  It's a question.  LOL!  We use the tools and the information we have, combined with our experience.  Flow benches are a big part of that in my opinion.   

Question is, using my specific parts, is this.  Is an intake manifold flowing 474 cfm automatically too much for a head that flows about 320 cfm? That's a real question.  If you don't know the answer that is fine.  I don't know the answer.  But don't take it personally.  I'll try not to make up more "traps" for you.  :)


FE Technical Forum / Re: Flow numbers: Cylinder head vs Intake manifold?
« on: November 15, 2020, 02:35:08 PM »
What most folks forget is that airflow changes with volume and velocity with the addition of length of the intake manifold.  Many years ago, I worked with EFI manifolds on my flow bench trying to answer your question to my satisfaction.  I found that the airflow cfm in a head flowed at 28" would pull down quite a bit when bolting the intake manifold to the head.  I also tried it some by checking the difference with different lifts of the valve, and was surprised how much things change.  It is VERY difficult to get a manifold to bolt up to a head, and the flow NOT drop a little/lot with a cast manifold, especially dual plane intakes.  The FE is one of the hardest to get the flow to stay up because of the turns and twists of the intakes with the exception of the single plane intakes.  A sheetmetal intake is designed with the idea that you not only can match the head flow, but actually increase the volumetric efficiency to upwards of 125% as in a Pro Stock engine.  To get the FE engine to perform at the maximum potential, you will find the best engines use sheetmetal intakes.  The reason I came up with the 110% street/125% race is directly related to flow bench testing, and David Vizard's formulas in his flow bench booklet from the '80s.  Lots of folks don't like DV's attitude, but he is successful with his builds, though now things have begun to pass him up with all the computerized flow simulations, and CNC porting.  The fact is, though that if you look at what works, line of sight, taper, parallel walls, and port volume all help to fill a cylinder to maximum.  A manifold should not pull the head down much if any, and it takes a lot of work to get all the runners to flow close to even in the FE dual plane intakes.  Edelbrock has done a great job with the RPM, and the new TFS Track Heat is simply the best single plane available out of the box.  They can be improved upon, and not lose performance with the right port work.  The Blue Thunder intakes are very good as cast, but have a lot of variance between the different ports in flow cfm, but can be corrected with flow bench work.  The BT 4V can be made better than the RPM with work.  Having said all that, most folks don't realize that the original FE heads like the CJ only flow ~250 cfm, and the PI intakes 270 cfm average, as cast.  The Sidewinder is less than 20 cfm better, and the RPM out of the box is ~310 cfm average.  Very few folks have the ability to actually flow intake manifolds and very few actually know what their work does flow.  Most just gasket match, and if it looks good, sell it.  I have flowed Wilson CNC'd manifolds that had a 80 cfm difference between their runners, and cost $2500.00 for their work.  Joe-JDC

Thanks Joe!  Good info. 

Let me ask this,  If you were looking at an intake and it flowed say 370 cfm, and your heads flowed 250 cfm, could you categorically say that the intake is too much for the heads?  That it is simply not optimal? 

Or would you say hold on,  let's look at the CSA and the runner length, and the plenum volume, etc?   

Or something else?


FE Technical Forum / Re: Flow numbers: Cylinder head vs Intake manifold?
« on: November 15, 2020, 01:29:39 PM »
Paulie, dig into some some math on runner length and plenum volume on line, it's out there, and there are as many assumptions and crazy ideas as there are good ones. Even the old Ramcharger stuff can be eye opening.  Get on excel build a spreadsheet and play

In the end, a runner can be too long, but not likely in the RPM we play with.  It can definitely be short. In terms of plenum volume, I read a comment a long time ago, Plenum volume = 1 cyl is likely the minimum, volume = all 8 probably too much LOL

I would say that likely your big intake will make the HP a sharp and higher peak and hurt the torque peak.  I think the single 4 is likely plenty, and would broaden/flatten both torque and HP, but my gut tells me, the biggest tradespace will be the torque curve

I think if I was playing with a streetable Edelbrock head 600+ hp motor, I would lean toward a ported Victor or TFS for a single plane, or a med riser dual plane dual quad with some rubbing, as applied to your combo (well at least what I think your combo is going to be without cam, compression and solid head flow yet) 

Of your two, I can't say the single 4 would make more power, but it would make more power per dollar, and likely be happier part throttle

It has occurred to me that the BT 2x4 MR intake would be good.  I have commented in the past how amazing it seems to run on a very wide range of engines, like from 350 hp up to 650 hp or so.  Freaking amazing.    On the other hand,  it's hard not to have enough low end power in a well built decent sized FE.   That's not what I wanted to get into, though.  LOL!

The question is more about comparing intake manifold flow numbers and cylinder head flow numbers.     I know fairly well where my head flow is going to be and the specific number won't vary enough to affect the answer to the question.  Trying to keep it on track. 

My Tunnel Wedge flowed about 410 cfm untouched if I remember right.  What then?  I assume that would make the 400 cfm dual plane an even easier choice?  Of course the runners were even slightly smaller then, too.



FE Technical Forum / Re: Flow numbers: Cylinder head vs Intake manifold?
« on: November 15, 2020, 01:17:24 PM »
I think a lot of it depends on the intended usage for the vehicle,and your priorities of street manners vs max power.Its kind of like 429-460 guys comparing a wieand stealth intake to the edelbrock RPM,until you start getting into the bigger strokers the e-brock rpm seems to be favored for better low rpm response while the stealth is preferred for WOT power due to the larger internal volume.As the engine gets bigger the though the stealths street manners improve.Disregard this after rereading your post it becomes clearer that your main concern is WOT.

Yes, my main concern is WOT.  I think your post is still pertinent, though.  We often look at cylinder heads using flow vs volume as a measure.  That is one reason I listed the volumes of the two intakes I am talking about.  I am just not sure how to wrap my head around intake manifold vs. cylinder head flow. 




Pages: [1] 2 3 ... 96